Countries around the world have been discussing the issue of identifying their citizens for many years. The lack of a universal method meant that each nation developed its own system.
Of course, in some places the model adopted works better than others, but we have to consider that each country, culture and people have their own particularities and this directly affects the identification processes.
To better understand these challenges, continue reading this article!
Some countries in Europe have more unified systems, even if they are not digital. This already makes identification much easier, but it is still not the ideal model. In other countries in the world, such as in South America, for example, there are many types of identities, which are not related or connected.
In other words, a lot of information from all - or almost all - citizens is distributed in different types of documents, but they do not intersect, cannot be confronted or would take a long time to make this analysis.
The division of identification systems, such as individual registration information, driving permission and taxpayer data, makes the citizen identification process more complex. Why separate in documents different information that at some point needs to be found?
Increasingly, citizens, companies and governmental organizations have realized that the integration of these data is fundamental to the economic, social and cultural relations of society.
For this reason, several digital id models are emerging all over the world. Even economically underdeveloped countries are adopting these new identification models in order to centralize information, promote access to services and products for citizens and prevent identity theft.
India's Aadhaar is the largest digital id reference in the world. The digital identity was created in 2009 by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), an Indian government agency, which is linked to the Indian Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
The system records the biometric and demographic data of all people residing in India or who have an Indian passport. Citizens receive a unique 12-digit identification number connected with the information saved in the database.
Aadhaar is the largest biometric identification system in the world, which can be used as identification in different types of actions, such as banking and telecommunications systems.
The Indian digital id also allows a citizen to use his phone number, connected to his digital identity, to make transactions of up to 5,000 rupees. When the transaction is of a higher value, the system migrates the user to a banking application.
But it is not only India that has a successful digital id, several countries around the world have developed their identification resources, which also allow integration with public and private services. Learn more about the initiative in India and other countries by accessing the map on our website.